Archontophoenix cunninghamiana  (Piccabeen palm)


Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Family: Palmae

Geographic Range

Rainforests of East Central Australian Coast from New South Wales up to the York Penninsula.

Physical Characteristics

Height:25-30 meters
Diameter:Trunk may reach 30 cm.
Tall, gray trunk with uniform diameter from bottom to top. Leaves are long, pinnate, bright green and are 'heavy' looking with a prominent midrib. Crownshaft (top where leaves flair out from) is often a darker green or purple. In spring to summer dark purple flowers grow out of the crownshaft at lengths up to 1m. The leaf spread may reach 3 meters. Piccabeen palms produce fruit which turns bright red at maturity and is small (about 1/2 inch diameter).

Natural History


The fruit matures in the late summer through fall and contains seeds for propagation.


Grows in Southern and East Central rainforests of Australia. Requires full sun and moderate water. Piccabeen palms may also be found in the wetter sclerophyll forests of the same region.


This species is not threatened.

Economic Benefits for Humans


The piccabeen palm is an extremely popular commercial landscaping plant. It grows quickly and is aesthetically pleasing with its deep purple flowers and bright red fruit.


The Piccabeen Palm is also known as the Bungalow Palm or King Palm and grows fast at 1-3 feet per year.

References and Links

Reference: Taxonomy

Reference URL: http://www.encyclopedia.com/articles/09775.html

Reference URL: http://www-scf.usc.edu/~stia/363%20web%20page/archontophoenixcunning.html

Reference URL: http://www.pacsoa.org.au/palms/Archontophoenix/cunninghamiana.html

Reference URL: http://www.ci.la.ca.us/BOSS/StreetTree/ArchontophoenixCunninghamiana.htm

Image Source

Reference URL: http://www.rarepalmseeds.com/pix/ArcCun.jpg

Entry Author: Tom Daigle Union College 2003

Hobart & William Smith Colleges and Union College
Partnership for Global Education: Queensland Term 2001